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If you are looking to adopt, there are a few hurdles to get through first. One of those obstacles is applying for and completing a background check. Completing a background check for adoption is a preliminary step in the process. Background checks must be completed before government approval for adoption. This article will help explain what background checks are necessary to become an adoptive parent.


Process for Obtaining


In all fifty states is it required for prospective adoptive parents to undergo a criminal background check. Each state has their own different set of guidelines that disqualifies someone from completing a background check. The application for a background check can be submitted to a local law enforcement agency or a licensing agency. Photo ID, fingerprints, a statement of any prior criminal convictions, and personal information is required in the application. The application is sent to the state police then forwarded to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for fingerprinting examination. A state and a national search are conducted to investigate any previous crimes that would disqualify someone.




There are grounds for disqualification when the application is submitted. There are minor specifics that vary from state to state, but they also have set rules for disqualification. Any applicant that has been convicted of a felony regarding child abuse or neglect is disqualified. Crimes involving violence, sexual assault, or homicide are regarded as grounds for disqualification. No applicant can be convicted of a drug-related offense nor a physical assault or battery felony charge within the last five years. Any application will be disqualified if there are any household members convicted of these crimes, raising concerns about the well-being and safety of the child.


Other Requirements


Some states may require an applicant to obtain other background checks to become an adoptive parent. Background investigations may take place to identify any adult protective services records. Juvenile court records and any records of incidents of domestic violence could be grounds for disqualification for prospective adoptive parents. States may require you to attend training sessions to be approved in becoming an adoptive parent. Certain training sessions could last between four to ten weeks to complete. The sessions serve as an opportunity to learn about child care, meet other families, and the preparation of becoming an adoptive parent. Another requirement to be approved could be a home study. A home study includes a financial check, family background check, education and verification of employment, social life, daily routines, parenting experience, and details about your house and surrounding neighborhood.